Hydraulic valve symbols

Ten or more valves can be stacked in this manner. This spool design ensures that only one circuit can be actuated at any time. The valves in Fig.

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The bottom half of this figure shows both spools activated simultaneously.

Some experience with the directional control valve symbol has already been gained. There is no pathway through the valve between any of the four ports. Flow goes to Cylinder 1 and no flow to Cylinder 2. The open-center valve also allows free flow from the inlet port to the return or tank port, but it blocks the actuator ports. Two are sy,bols in Figs. The actuator downstream from the valve is not held in position but is free to float.

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Directional Control Valves Symbols | Hydraulic Valve

ANSI symbols are introduced here as they are needed. The directional control valve symbol is the most intuitive and selfexplanatory of the symbols.

An open-center float valve allows flow between all four ports when the valve is in the center nonactuated position.

Thus, the pump is isolated from pressure spikes that may occur due to load dynamics. Leave a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

At this point, it is necessary to review the three most common center configurations Fig.

However, if one cylinder requires more pressure, the flow will always take the path of least resistance and goes to the lower-pressure cylinder first. The actuator cannot move neglecting leakage when the open-center valve is in the center position. When this hydrauljc is fully extended or hits a stop, the pressure will rise to the level required to extend the second cylinder.

Ten or more valves can be stacked in this manner. This spool design ensures that only one circuit can be actuated at any time.

The valves in Fig.

Directional Control Valves Symbols

If Cylinder 1 is returned to the center position, then flow will go to Cylinder 2. As is often the case, the figures show a relief valve built into the valve housing, a feature valvr simplifies circuit assembly.

The check valves ensure that flow can go only from the pump to the circuit. The reader may have observed a bank of handles on a machine for manual actuation of individual valves stacked in this manner.

The closed-center valve has all four ports blocked when it is in the center position.

Hydraulic Symbols

There are many configurations for directional control valves. Both figures show two directional hydrauluc valves stacked in the same housing. Both spools are shown in the actuated position in the bottom half of the figure.

If the pressure required by both cylinders is approximately equal, the pump flow will divide, and some flow will go to each cylinder.

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